Corona Virus - symptoms, causes and cures

Corona Virus

The Corona virus or the 2019 Coronavirus Novel is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. This Virus can cause disturbances in the respiratory system, acute pneumonia, until death.

The 2019 Coronavirus Novel (2019-nCoV), better known as Corona virus, is a new type of coronavirus that is contagious to humans. The Virus was first discovered in the city of Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019. The Virus is contagious rapidly and has spread to other territories in China and to several countries.
Corona Virus - symptoms, causes and cures

Coronavirus is a collection of viruses that can infect the respiratory system. In many cases, this virus only causes mild respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

Corona Virus Symptoms

Corona virus infections can cause the sufferer to experience flu symptoms, such as watery and runny nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and fever, or symptoms of severe respiratory infections, such as high fever, even bloody cough, Shortness of breath, and chest pains.

However, there are generally 3 common symptoms that can indicate that a person is infected with Corona virus:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath.

According to the study, the symptoms of Corona virus infection appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after the exposure to Corona viruses.

When to go to a doctor?

Immediately to the doctor when you experience or find the symptoms of Corona viruses in others as mentioned above, especially if the symptoms arise 2 weeks after returning from China or other countries that are positively infected. People suspected of being infected with Corona virus should be immediately referred to the nearest IGD hospital in order to get appropriate treatment.

Causes of Corona viruses

Corona virus infection is caused by coronavirus, which is a group of viruses that infect the respiratory system. In most cases, coronavirus only causes mild to moderate respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as MERS, SARS, and pneumonia.

It is alleged that Corona viruses were originally transmitted from animals to humans. However, it is then revealed that coronavirus is also contagious from human to human.

A person can be infected with coronavirus in various ways, namely:

  • Inadvertently inhale splashes of sneezing or cough sufferers of Corona viruses.
  • Hold your mouth or nose without washing your hands first, after touching the affected objects of the saliva sufferer.
  • Close contact with sufferers, such as touching or shaking hands.

Corona viruses can infect anyone, but are more at risk of attacking parents, as well as people who are sick or have weak immunity.

Diagnosis of the Corona Virus

To determine if a patient is infected with Corona virus, the doctor will ask the symptoms of the patient. The doctor will also ask if the patient travels to the Corona-endemic virus region before symptoms arise.

To ensure the diagnosis of Corona viruses, the doctor will perform the following advanced examinations:

  • Test blood samples.
  • Throat wipe test to examine phlegm samples.
  • Chest x-rays to detect infiltrates or fluid in the lungs.

Corona Virus Treatment

Corona virus infections are not yet treatable, but there are some steps doctors can take to relieve symptoms, namely:

  • Provides fever and pain reliever. However, the doctor will not give aspirin in patients with Corona virus infections that are still children.
  • Encourage the sufferer to shower warm and use a humidifier (air humidifier), to relieve cough and sore throat.
  • Advise the sufferer to adequate rest and do not leave the house to prevent the spread of viruses.
  • Advocating and requiring sufferers to drink lots of water to maintain body fluid levels.

Complications of Corona viruses

In severe cases, Corona virus infection could cause some of the following serious complications:

  • Pneumonia
  • Secondary infections in other organs
  • Renal failure
  • Acute Cardiac injury
  • Acute Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Death

Corona Virus Prevention

To date, there has been no vaccine to prevent Corona viruses. Therefore, the best preventative way is to avoid the factors that can cause you to get infected with this virus, namely:

  • Avoid traveling to China or to other countries that have been found to be the transmission of Corona viruses.
  • Use masks during outdoor activities, especially when you are on the move in public places.
  • Routinely wash hands with water and soap or hand sanitizer containing alcohol after outdoor activities.
  • Avoid contact with animals, especially wild animals. In case of contact with animals, wash your hands afterwards.
  • Make sure you cook the meat until thoroughly cooked before consumption.
  • Cover the mouth and nose with tissues when coughing or sneezing, then remove the tissues to the trash.
  • Do not touch the eyes, mouth, and nose before washing your hands.
  • Avoid adjacent to someone who is sick.
  • Keep the hygiene of the objects that are often touched and environmental hygiene.

For someone suspected of being infected with Corona virus, there are several steps that can be done so that the virus is not transmitted to others, namely:

  • Do not leave the house, except for treatment.
  • Try to stay separate from others for a while. If not possible, use a different bedroom and bathroom than other people use.
  • Disallow and prevent others from visiting or exploring you until you are completely healed.
  • Do not have a meeting with people who are sick.
  • Avoid sharing food and drinking, toiletries and nightwear with others.
  • Wear masks and gloves when you're in public or in a common place with others.
  • Use a tissue to close the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, then dispose of the tissues to the trash.

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